Constipation is a common problem that can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor diet, low fluid intake, physical inactivity, and certain medications. If lifestyle and dietary changes don't provide relief, medications may be necessary to treat chronic constipation. There are several prescription medications available to treat chronic constipation, such as Lubiprostone (Amitiza), linaclotide (Linzess), and plecanatide (Trulance). These medications work by drawing water to the intestines and accelerating the movement of stools.
Additionally, mild laxatives may be an option if lifestyle improvements don't work. Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of constipation medications due to an unbalanced digestive system. Opioid painkillers such as Vicodin, Percocet, and Oxycontin are known for their risk of addiction as well as their risk of constipation. If you think that certain medications or dietary supplements are causing your constipation, talk to your doctor.
Your doctor may suggest that you stop taking the medication or supplement that is causing your constipation, change the dose, or switch to another one. These medications, called peripherally acting mu opioid receptor antagonists or pamoras, relieve constipation by preventing opioids from attaching to receptors in the intestines. If you're suffering from chronic constipation, it's important to talk to your doctor about the best treatment options for you. There are many medications available to help relieve constipation, but it's important to understand the potential side effects and risks associated with each one.
With the right treatment plan, you can find relief from your constipation.